Neuropathy is a general term denoting disturbances in the normal functioning of the peripheral nerves. The causes of neuropathy are varied and so is the treatment. Many a times, the neuropathy is almost irreversible and the treatment is mainly focused on avoiding more development of the nerve damage and other encouraging procedures to avoid any problems due to neuropathy.
Neuropathies due to dietary shortages are primarily treated with the replenishment of the deficient nutrient. Neuropathies due to deficiency of vitamins like cobalamin, thiamine, pyridoxine, niacin are treated by giving the vitamin supplementation orally or by intramuscular injection of the vitamin if deficiency is because of malfunctioning absorption of vitamins from the diet plan. Treatment might or might not totally reverse the neuropathy and minimize the symptoms and oftentimes there is some permanent damage to nerves and persistent symptoms despite treatment. Just recently neuropathy due to copper shortage has actually likewise been discovered. It too is treated with oral copper salts or intravenous injection of copper salts. Again the response is variable and might take lots of months.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are treated based on specific cause and the nerve included. Carpal tunnel syndrome treatment differs from medical methods like NSAID (like Ibuprofen), local injection of steroids in website wrist, and avoiding aggravating factors like typing in incorrect positions, usage of hand tools and so on. If signs not minimized by this approach, then surgery is likewise an alternative and is usually alleviative if no long-term damage to nerve has already taken place. Once again, each neuropathy is special and treatment is variable.
The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other diseases is the treatment of the primary disease triggering the neuropathy. If neuropathy is because of Myxedema, caused by lack of thyroid hormone, then treatment is changing the thyroid hormonal agent. Treatment of Diabetic Neuropathy is primarily helpful. In diabetic neuropathies, some forms like Mononeuropathies are reversible however the majority of are permanent. Stringent control of blood glucose levels to slow the further development is of critical significance. Other treatment is based on the signs, like discomfort is handled with NSAID and numerous other drugs. Similarly the neuropathy related to Rheumatoid Arthritis typically reacts to the treatment of Rheumatoid arthritis (with immunomodulators).
Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is preventing the allergen food item triggering neuropathy. There might be some specific treatment in certain cases, like neuropathy due to isoniazid can generally be avoided by giving pyridoxine along with it.
Many a times, the neuropathy is nearly permanent and the treatment is mainly focused on avoiding more progression of the nerve damage and other supportive procedures to avoid any complications due to neuropathy.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are dealt with based on particular cause and the nerve involved. The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other diseases is the treatment of the main disease causing the neuropathy. Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is preventing the allergen food product triggering neuropathy.